Front End Approach in Web Development

Approach to Web Development

A web portal that clearly understands your market and aligns your website with your company's needs, goals, and vision is crucial for the success of your online business. If it is well-designed and user-friendly, it will meet your potential customer requirements and expectations which can help in increasing engagement and conversions. However, it's important to note that this is a multi-step planning, development, testing, and maintenance process to deliver a high-quality web portal.

It's important to have a solid understanding of the different stages involved in web development. Proper documentation and allocating tasks and resources become crucial for ensuring the project's smooth and successful completion. Following a structured approach, this process can be well-planned, optimized and delivered within the specified timeline and budget.

The website development process consists of the following 6 phases:

Planning and Requirements Gathering: If the project scope, goals, target audience, budget, and timeline are defined, it will help capture and document requirements and expectations from the website.

Design and Prototyping: To help in analysing the visualisation of the website, it's essential to check the look and feel of the design and prototype to make necessary changes before the development begins.

Development: Developing a website involves coding, testing, and debugging to ensure it functions properly.

Testing and Quality Assurance: This includes testing the website and ensuring it is free of bugs to meet the requirements defined in the planning phase.

Deployment: After when the website has passed testing, it is deployed to a live server and made publicly accessible for ready use.

Maintenance and Updating: It's an ongoing process and involves maintaining the website and updating it as needed to keep it secure, up-to-date and functioning properly.

Web development is a broad field that involves creating and nurturing websites with various technologies and approaches. Ruby on Rails and React are popular frameworks and libraries used in web development.

Additionally, HTML, CSS, and JavaScript are essential components of the Front End of a website, responsible for defining its structure, style, and interactive elements. Developers may also use other technologies such as databases, server-side scripting languages like PHP or Python, and Front End frameworks like Angular or Vue.js. Certainly, it depends on the project requirements and the development team's preferences.

Front End Approach in Web Development

Front End of website development involves building the user-facing portion that visitors interact with. It aims to create a visually appealing and accessible website that is easy to navigate. A common viewpoint for the Front End is to use a combination of HTML, CSS, and JavaScript to build the user interface and link with the Back End.

HTML, CSS, and JavaScript

HTML, CSS, and JavaScript are the most frequently used in Front End development. HTML is required to structure the content of a web page, CSS to style the content, and JavaScript to add interactivity and functionality to the web page.

HTML (Hypertext Markup Language) is Used to Structure the Content and Layout of the Webpage

HTML is a markup language used to create the structure and design of a webpage. It defines the elements like headings, paragraphs, images, links, and lists and specifies how they are displayed in a web browser. A web browser parses HTML code to exhibit the content of a webpage.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets) is Used to Control the Visual Presentation of the Webpage, Including Colours, Fonts, and Layouts

CSS is a stylesheet language used to control the visual presentation of a webpage. It describes the layout, colours, fonts, and other visual elements to separate from the HTML code. With CSS, developers can create consistent and aesthetically pleasing web pages with little effort.

JavaScript is Used to Add Interactivity and Dynamic Functionality to the Webpage, Such as Form Validation, Animations, and Making Requests to the Back End

JavaScript is a programming language commonly used to add interactivity and dynamic functionality to web pages. It allows you to create things like form validation and animations and to make requests to the Back End. The web browser executes JavaScript code, and it can manipulate the HTML and CSS code and respond to user events such as button clicks, form submissions, and mouse movements. JavaScript can also help create complex interactive user interfaces and Single-Page Applications (SPAs), which can update specific web page parts instead of loading new pages from the server.

Modern Front End development also often involves using JavaScript libraries and frameworks such as React, Angular, and Vue.js, which provide additional functionality and improve the development workflow.

Responsive design and accessibility are also important factors to consider when developing the Front End of a website, as it should be approachable and look good on different devices and screen sizes.

Best Practices and Techniques for Front End Web Development

Responsive Design

Websites should be designed to be responsive to different screen sizes and devices. It means that the layout and content should adjust to fit the screen size of the user's device.

Fast Loading

Users tend to leave slow-loading processes, and to protect websites should Optimize fast loading times. Techniques like minifying CSS and JavaScript files, compressing images, and using a content delivery network (CDN) can help to reduce loading times.

Accessibility

If a website is accessible to all users, it tends to be a great choice for them, including for those with disabilities as well. Techniques like providing alternative text for images, using descriptive link text, and providing video captions can help make websites more accessible.

Cross-Browser Compatibility

Before making it live, websites must be tested on browsers and devices to ensure they work correctly. Techniques like using web standards, avoiding browser-specific features, and using modern web technologies can help to improve cross-browser compatibility.

Search engine optimization (SEO)

Any website must be designed to optimize search engines. Techniques like using descriptive page titles, providing meta descriptions, and using header tags can help improve a website's search engine ranking.

Security

The designs of Websites need to be secured, as they may contain sensitive information. Techniques like HTTPS, ensuring login forms, and validating user input can help improve website security.

Code Organization and Maintainability

Structure of the website should be organized to make them easy to maintain and update. Techniques like using modular code, separating content from presentation, and commenting code can improve code organization and maintainability. These best practices and techniques can help to improve the performance, usability, accessibility, and security of a website.

Avoid Certain Pitfalls When Building a Scalable Website on Front End

Poor Performance

One of the biggest pitfalls when building a scalable website is poor performance. Slow page load times, slow server response times, and high network latency can negatively impact the user experience. To save from this, use tools and techniques like caching, compression, and asynchronous loading to improve performance.

Lack of Scalability

A website not designed with scalability can become slow or unresponsive as traffic grows. Designs of websites have to be created, keeping this in mind from the beginning and planning for future growth.

Not Mobile-Friendly

It's one of the significant hazards if a website needs to be mobile-friendly and can deter users who access it on their mobile devices. It should be ensured that the website's design is responsive and adaptable to different screen sizes and devices.

Poor Usability

If a user can not navigate or use a website properly, it will result in a high bounce rate. Make sure the website's design works with usability and conduct user testing to identify and fix any issues.

Inadequate Security

Any website with poor security can be vulnerable to attacks and data breaches. Use secure coding practices, implement security features like encryption and access controls and keep software and plugins up-to-date.

Not Optimized for Search Engines

Failure to optimise for search engines can make it difficult for users to find a website. If search engine optimization (SEO) techniques are sincerely used, they will help operate descriptive page titles, provide meta descriptions, and use header tags.

Not Accessible

The inaccessibility of a website for users with disabilities can exclude a significant portion of the population. To avoid this pitfall, design the website accessible to all users, including those with disabilities.

By avoiding these challenges, you can create a scalable and successful website on the Front End.

Written By:

Aman Sidhu

Senior Front-end developer

    last updated 1 year ago